Reading the Scriptures Profitably (2)
A Sermon by Thomas Watson
Deuteronomy 18:19. And it shall be with him,
and he shall read therein all the days of his life that he may learn to fear
the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to
Direction 13. Come to the reading of the Word with honest
hearts. Christ speaks of the honest heart" (Luke 8:15). What is it to
read the Word with an honest heart? (1.) To come with an heart willing to know
the whole counsel of God. A good heart would not have any truth concealed but
saith, as Job, "That which I see not, teach Thou me" (Job 34:32).
When men pick and choose in religion, they will do some things the Word enjoins
them, but not others. These are unsound hearts and are not benefited by holy
writ. These are like a patient who, having a bitter pill prescribed and a julep2,
he will take the julep but refuseth the pill.
2. To read the Word with an honest heart is to read it that we
may be made better by it. The Word is the medium and organ of sanctity, and
we come to it not only to illuminate us, but to consecrate us: "Sanctify
them through Thy truth" (Jn 17:17). Some go to the Bible as one goes to
the garden, to pick flowers, that is, fine notions. Augustine confesseth that
before his conversion he went to hear Ambrose more for the elegance of speech
and quaintness of notion, than the spirituality of the matter. This is like
a woman that paints her face but neglects her health. But this is to have an
honest heart, when we come to the Scriptures as Naaman to the waters of Jordan,
to be healed of our leprosy. "O", saith the soul, "that this
sword of the Spirit may pierce the rock of my heart, that this blessed Word
may have such a virtue in it Ė as the water of jealousy, to kill and make fruitful
(Num 5:27,28) Ė that it may kill my sin and make me fruitful in grace."
Direction 14. Learn to apply Scripture. Take every word
as spoken to yourselves. When the Word thunders against sin, think thus: "God
means my sins"; when it presseth any duty: "God intends me in this".
Many put off Scripture from themselves as if it only concerned those who lived
in the time when it was written, but if you intend to profit by the Word, bring
it home to yourselves. A medicine will do no good unless it be applied. The
saints of old took the Word as if it had been spoken to them by name. When
King Josiah heard the threatening which was written in the book of God, he
applied it to himself, he rent his clothes and humbled his soul before the
Lord (2 Kings 22:19).
Direction 15. Observe the precepts of the Word,
as well as the promises. Make use as well of the precepts to direct you, as
of the promises to comfort you. Such as cast their eye upon the promise, with
a neglect of the command, are not edified by Scripture; they look more after
comfort than duty. They mistake their comforts, as Apollo embraced the laurel-tree
instead of Daphne. The body may be swelled with wind as well as flesh; a man
may be filled with false comfort as well as that which is genuine and real.
Direction 16. Let your thoughts dwell upon the most material
passages of Scripture. The bee fastens on those flowers where she may suck
most sweetness. Though the whole context of Scripture is excellent, yet some
parts of it may have a greater emphasis, and be more quick and pungent. Reading
the names of the tribes, or the genealogies of the patriarchs, is not of the
same importance as faith and "the new creature". Mind the "weighty
things of the law" (Hos 8:12). They who read only to satisfy their curiosity,
do rather busy than profit themselves. Searching too far into Christís temporal
reign hath, I fear, weakened His spiritual reign in some menís hearts.
Direction 17. Compare yourselves with the Word. See how
the Scripture and your hearts agree, how your dial goes with this sun. Are
your hearts, as it were, a transcript and true copy of Scripture? Is the Word
copied out into your hearts? The Word calls for humility. Are you not only
humbled, but humble? The Word calls for regeneration (Jn 3:7); have you the
signature and engraving of the Holy Ghost upon you? Have you a change of heart Ė not
only a partial and moral change, but a spiritual? Is there such a change wrought
in you, as if another soul did live in the same body? "Such were some
of you; but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified . . . " (1 Cor 6:11).
The Word calls for love to the saints; (1 Pet 1:22); do you love grace where
you see it? Do you love grace in a poor man as well as in a rich? A son loves
to see his fatherís picture, though hung in a mean frame; do you love grace,
though mixed with some failings, as we love gold though it be in the ore? Bringing
the rule of the Word and our hearts together, to see how they agree, would
prove very advantageous to us. Hereby we come to know the true complexion and
state of our souls, and see what evidences and certificates we have for heaven.
Direction 18. Take special notice of those scriptures
which speak to your particular case. Were a consumptive person to read Galen
or Hippocrates3 he would chiefly observe what they wrote about consumption.
Great regard is to be had to those paragraphs of Scripture which are most apposite
to oneís present case. I shall instance only in three cases: (1) affliction
(2) desertion (3) sin.
(1) Affliction. Hath God made your chain heavy?
Consult these Scriptures: "If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you
as with sons" (Heb 12:7. See also Job 36:8,9; Deut 8:15,16; 1 Kings 11:39;
Ps 89:30-33; Heb 12:10,11; Ps 37:39; Rom 8:28; 1 Pet 1:6,7; 2 Chr 33:11-13;
Rev 3:19; 2 Cor 4:16; Job 5:17; Mic 6:9). "By this therefore shall the
iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin" (Isa
27:9). "Your sorrow shall be turned into joy" (Jn 16:20). The French
have a berry which they call the grape of a thorn. God gives joy out of sorrow;
here is the grape of a thorn: "Our light affliction, which is but for
a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory" (2
Cor 4:17). The limner lays his gold upon dark colours; God first lays the dark
colour of affliction, and then the golden colour of glory.
(2) Desertion. Are your spiritual comforts eclipsed? "In
a little wrath I hid My face from thee for a moment: but with everlasting kindness
will I have mercy on thee" (Isa 54:8. See also Lam 3:31-33; Ps 106:6,9;
103:9; Mark 15:34; Isa 8:17; 49:15; 50:10; 54:10; 2 Cor 7:6). The sun may hide
itself in a cloud, but it is not out of the firmament; God may hide His face,
but He is not out of covenant. "I will not . . . be always wroth: for
the spirit should fail before Me, and the souls which I have made" (Isa
57:16). God is like the musician, He will not stretch the strings of His lute
too hard lest they break. "Light is sown for the righteous" (Ps 97:11).
A saintís comfort may be hid as seed under the clods, but at last it will spring
up into an harvest of joy.
(3) Sin. (i) Are you drawn away with lust? Read
Galatians 5:24; James 1:15; 1 Peter 2:11. "Abstain from fleshly lusts,
which war against the soul." Lust kills with embracing. "There met
him a woman with the attire of an harlot. . . . He goeth after her straightway,
as an ox goeth to the slaughter . . . till a dart strike through his liver
. . . " (Prov 7:10,22,23). "The mouth of strange women is a deep
pit: he that is abhorred of the Lord shall fall therein" (Prov 22:14).
Go to the waters of the sanctuary to quench the fire of lust.
(ii) Are you under the power of unbelief? Read Isa 26:3: "Thou
wilt keep him in perfect peace, [literally, peace, peace,] whose mind
is stayed on Thee: because he trusteth in Thee." Mr Bolton speaks of a
distressed soul who found much comfort from this Scripture on his sick bed: "The
Word of the Lord is tried: He is a buckler to all them that trust in Him" (2
Sam 22:31. See also Zeph 3:12; Ps 34:22; 55:22; 32:10; Mark 9:23; 1 Pet 5:7). "That
whosoever believeth in Him should not perish" (Jn 3:15). Unbelief is a
God-affronting sin: "He that believeth not God, hath made Him a liar" (1
Jn 5:10). It is a soul-murdering sin: "He that believeth not the Son shall
not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him" (Jn 3:36). Thus in
reading observe those Scriptures which do touch upon your particular case.
Although all the Bible must be read, yet be sure to put a special star upon
those texts which point most directly to your condition.
Direction 19. Take special notice of the examples in Scripture.
Make the examples of others living sermons to you.
(1) Observe the examples of Godís judgement upon sinners. How
severely hath God punished proud men! Nebuchadnezzar was turned to grass, Herod
eaten up with vermin. How hath God plagued idolaters! (Num 25:3-5,9; 1 Kings
14:9-11). What a swift witness hath he been against liars! (Acts 5:5,10). These
examples are set up as sea-marks to avoid (1 Cor 10:11; Jude 7).
(2) Observe the examples of Godís mercy to saints. Jeremiah
was preserved in the dungeon, the three children in the furnace, Daniel in
the lionsí den. These examples are props to faith, spurs to holiness.
Direction 20. Leave not off reading in the Bible till
you find your hearts warmed. "I will never forget Thy precepts, for with
them Thou hast quickened me" (Ps 119:93). Read the Word, not only as a
history, but labour to be affected with it. Let it not only inform you, but
inflame you. "Is not My Word like as a fire? saith the Lord" (Jer
23:29). Go not from the Word till you can say as those disciples, "Did
not our heart burn within us?" (Luke 24:32).
Direction 21. Set upon the practice of what you read. "I
have done . . . Thy commandments" (Ps 119:166). A student in medicine
is not satisfied by reading over a system of medicine, but he falls upon practising
medicine; the life blood of religion lies in the practical part. So, in the
text, "He shall read" in the book of the law "all the days of
his life that he may learn to keep all the words of this law and these statutes,
to do them". Christians should be walking Bibles. Xenophon said, "Many
read Lycurgusís laws, but few observe them". The Word written is not only
a rule of knowledge, but a rule of obedience; it is not only to mend our sight,
but to mend our pace. David calls Godís Word a lamp unto his feet (Ps 119:105).
It was not only a light to his eyes to see by, but to his feet to walk by.
By practice we trade the talent of knowledge and turn it to profit. This is
a blessed reading of Scripture when we fly from the sins which the Word forbids
and espouse the duties which the Word commands. Reading without practice will
be but a torch to light men to hell.
Direction 22. Make use of Christís prophetical office.
He is "the Lion of the tribe of Judah," to whom it is given "to
open the book" of God, "and to loose the seven seals thereof" (Rev
5:5). Christ doth so teach as He doth quicken. "I am the light of the
world; he that followeth Me . . . shall have the light of life" (Jn 8:12).
The philosopher saith, "Light and heat increase together". It is
true here, where Christ comes into the soul with His light, there is the heat
of spiritual life going along with it. Christ gives us a taste of the Word: "Thou
hast taught me. How sweet are Thy words unto my taste!" (Ps 119:102,103).
It is one thing to read a promise, another thing to taste it. Such as
would be proficient in Scripture, let them get Christ to be their teacher. "Then
opened He their understanding, that they might understand the Scriptures" (Luke
24:45). Christ did not only open the Scriptures, but "opened their understanding".
Direction 23. Tread often upon the threshold of the sanctuary.
Wait diligently on a rightly-constituted ministry: "Blessed is the man
that heareth Me, watching diligently at My gates, waiting at the posts of My
doors" (Prov 8:34). Ministers are Godís interpreters; it is their work
to expound and open dark places of Scripture. We read of "pitchers, and
lamps within the pitchers" (Judg 7:16). Ministers are "earthen" pitchers
(2 Cor 4:7). But these pitchers have lamps within them, to light souls in the
Direction 24. Pray that God will make you profit. "I
am the Lord thy God, which teacheth thee to profit" (Isa 48:17). Use Davidís
prayer: "Open Thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of
Thy law" (Ps 119:18). Pray to God to take off the veil on the Scripture
that you may understand it, and the veil on your heart that you may believe
it. Pray that God will not only give you His Word as a rule of holiness, but
His grace as a principle of holiness. Implore the guidance of Godís Spirit. "Thou
gavest them Thy good Spirit to instruct them" (Neh 9:20). Though the ship
hath a compass to sail by, and store of tackling, yet without a gale of wind
it cannot sail. Though we have the Word written as our compass to sail by,
and make use of our endeavours as the tackling, yet, unless the Spirit of God
blow upon us, we cannot sail with profit. When the Almighty is as dew unto
us, then we "grow as the lily" and our "beauty is as the olive
tree" (Hos 14:5,6).
Beg the anointing of the Holy Ghost (1 John 2:20). One may see
the figures on a dial, but he cannot tell how the day goes unless the sun shine;
we may read many truths in the Bible, but we cannot know them savingly till
Godís Spirit shine in our souls (2 Cor 4:6). The Spirit is a "Spirit of
wisdom and revelation" (Eph 1:17). When Philip joined himself to the eunuchís
chariot, then he understood Scripture (Acts 8:29-35). When Godís Spirit joins
Himself to the Word, then it will be effectual to salvation.
If these rules were observed, the Word written would, through
Godís blessing, be an "engrafted Word" (James 1:21). A good scion
grafted into a bad stock changeth the nature of it and makes it bear sweet
and generous fruit; so when the Word is grafted savingly into menís hearts,
it doth sanctify them and make them bring forth the sweet "fruits of righteousness" (Phil
1:11). Thus I have answered this question, How may we read the Scriptures
with most spiritual profit? I shall conclude all with two inferences:
1. Content not yourselves with the bare reading of Scripture,
but labour to find some spiritual growth and profit. Get the Word transcribed
into your hearts: "The law of his God is in his heart" (Ps 37:31).
Never leave till you are assimilated into the Word. Such as profit by reading
of the book of God are the best Christians alive; they answer Godís cost, they
credit religion, they save their souls.
2. You who have profited by reading the holy Scriptures, adore
Godís distinguishing grace. Bless God that He hath not only brought the light
to you, but opened your eyes to see it; that He hath unlocked His hid treasure
and enriched you with saving knowledge. Some perish by not having Scripture,
and others by not improving it. That God should pass by millions in the world,
and the lot of His electing love should fall upon you; that the Scripture like
the pillar of cloud should have a dark side to others but a light side to you;
that to others it should be a "dead letter" but to you the "savour
of life", that Christ should not only be revealed to you but in you (Gal
1:16); how should you be in a holy ecstasy of wonder and wish that you had
hearts of seraphim burning in love to God, and the voices of angels to make
heaven ring with Godís praises.
But some of the godly may say that they fear they do not profit
by the Word they read. As in the body, when there is a fainting of the vital
spirits, cordials are applied: so let me apply a few divine cordials to such
as are ready to faint under the fear of not being proficient.
1. You may profit by reading the Word, though you come short
of others. The ground which brought forth but thirty-fold was "good ground" (Mat
13:8). Say not you do not profit because you are not as well equipped as other
eminent saints: those were counted strong men among Davidís worthies, though
they did not attain to the honour of the first three (2 Sam 23:19,22,23).
2. You may profit by reading the Word, though you are not of
so quick apprehension. Some impeach themselves for not profiting, because they
are but slow of understanding. When our blessed Saviour foretold His sufferings,
the apostles themselves "understood not . . . and it was hid from them" (Luke
9:45). The author to the Hebrews speaks of some who were "dull of hearing" (Heb
5:11), yet they belonged to the election. Such as have weaker judgements may
have stronger affections. Leah was tender-eyed, yet fruitful. A Christianís
intellectual powers may be less quick and penetrating, yet that little knowledge
he hath of Scripture keeps him from sin Ė as a man that hath but weak sight,
yet it keeps him from falling into the water.
3. You may profit by reading Scripture, though you have not so
excellent memories. Many complain their memories leak. Christian, art thou
grieved thou canst remember no more? Then, for thy comfort, (1.) Thou mayest
have a good heart, though thou hast not so good a memory. (2.) Though thou
canst not remember all thou readest, yet thou rememberest that which is most
material, and which thou hast most need of. At a feast we do not eat of every
dish, but we take so much as nourisheth. It is with a good Christianís memory
as it is with a lamp: though the lamp be not full of oil, yet it hath so much
oil as makes the lamp burn; though thy memory be not full of Scripture, yet
thou retainest so much as makes thy love to God burn. Then be of good comfort;
thou dost profit by what thou readest; and take notice of that encouraging
Scripture: "The Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost . . . He shall bring
all things to your remembrance" (Jn 14:26).
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